Research: Image Composition

Screen Shot 2015-04-22 at 4.43.41 pmImage composition is a very subtle but powerful technique that can help increase the effectiveness of delivery a message through image. To further understand various techniques of image composition I had a look at various blogs on the matter. The first of these blogs was Photography Life. I First read through this blog as it goes through and explains what composition is, as it is always important to know the core meaning of something before completing further research.

First the author explains composition in general terms, how it is commonly a word used in relation with the arts meaning the placement of relevant objects and elements in the work of art. Once this idea is established we move on to what composition is in photography “Simply put, composing an image means arranging elements within it in a way that suits the core idea or goal of your work best”. Continuing on from this idea we read that the purpose of composition is to guide the viewers eye to the core elements of the work much like the goal of composition which is more often than not is to show the subject of the photo in a flattering and aesthetically pleasing manner.

Screen Shot 2015-04-22 at 4.55.39 pmWith this understanding of what exactly composition is we are able to move on to some common rules in composition some of which I found while reading the following bog post by Digital Camera World. One of the opening sentences of this blog struck me and I found it quite important “Poor photo composition can make a fantastic subject dull, but a well-set scene can create a wonderful image from the most ordinary of situations.” this reinforces the notion made earlier that photo composition is a powerful tool as with the slightest mistake you can ruin a good photo. Here is a list of the 10 rules provided in this post:

  1. Simplify the scene
  2. Fill the frame
  3. Aspect ratio
  4. Avoid the middle
  5. Leading lines
  6. Use diagonals
  7. Space to move
  8. Backgrounds
  9. Creative with colours
  10. Breaking the rules

Their concluding point is something that I really held on to as it ties in so well with the assignment we are doing, photography is ” like a visual language – you can use it to make your pictures pass on a specific message”


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